“We may be reaching the end of the liberal world order.”
– Anne Applebaum –
Liberal world order is an ideology that was made after the end of Second World War. The aim of it is to bring peace to the world. Liberal world order has become the main reason of an establishment of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, or even others regional organisation like North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The liberal world order has helped countries from around the world (that arguably – mainly the west) to collaborate and set into an agreement or rules that all nations must obey. Such as the making of International law until the spread of Responsibility to Protect (R2P) norms. However, nowadays the liberal world order seems facing their biggest threat. The world doesn’t seem as well
As we all know, the new president of the United States of America isn’t a fan of the liberal world order. Trump number one aim is to make America great again – which means the only thing trump care about is the US and not the world neither or the liberal world order. This has proven by his actions to condemn Paris Agreement as well as others organisation treaty.
Brexit and the future of the EU
The European Union is the biggest regional organisation in the world – and now is facing treat to an end. After the UK decided to leave the organisation, many have started to question the future of the EU. As well as the US, the UK seems only to want to focus on rebuilding the country rather than the world. In other words, anything that will be beneficial to the country will be done, even though it has to disserve another country. Seems like the now sovereignty of each country is more important rather than the liberal world order.
With North Korea established their nuclear weapons. It has gotten attention from many world leaders. What Kim Jong-un wants is the real question. Whether he wants to strengthen the military power of North Korea to fight against the southern part of the country or to threaten Japan and the United States – it’s definitely a threat to the liberal world order. The United Nations security council has held a meeting immediately after what happened. However, is it enough to give any sanction to the country? Will the country obey the law? It’s definitely a big question mark.
This is something that the world has faced the most in this century. It has caused fear to many citizens from all around the world. This has also caused war to some countries. Not just that, this situation has also caused huge arguments and debates from different countries – on how to solve the issues. Indirectly it has caused discordance in between countries from around the world. Definitely, it’s a threat to the liberal world order, because, in order to make an action and respond to terrorism, some countries have started not to obey to the international law.
Russia and China
The world will never be certain of what this 2 big countries aim to do. Both Russia and China have a similar ideology that doesn’t really fit with the west idea of democracy. These 2 superpowers have always blocked any action that the UN Security Council is about to make. It’s always a switch between Russia or China. However, nowadays both Russia and China have started to collaborate with the others countries well enough. But still, no one would be certain what this 2 countries about to do.
Liberal world order is the only way to prevent world war 3. Therefore it’s very crucial to maintain the liberal world order we have.